THE CITRUS OILS

Bergamot (Citrus bergamia)
Bergamot is generally non-toxic and generally non-irritant but it is phototoxic i.e. makes the skin more sensitive to sunlight/UV rays, so if you use Bergamot, please avoid sunbathing and sunbeds for 72 hours after treatment.

Actions: Analgesic, anthelmintic, antidepressant, antiseptic (pulmonary, genito-urinary), antispasmodic, antitoxic, carminative, digestive, diuretic, deodorant, febrifuge, laxative, parasiticide, rubefacient, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, vermifuge and vulnerary.

Bergamot is made by cold expression of the outer peel of the nearly ripe fruit and has a lovely orangey scent.

Bergamot blends well with Lemon, Neroli, Lavender, Geranium, Jasmine, Juniper, Cypress, Chamomiles, Coriander and Violet.

Bergamot FCF(Citrus bergamia)
This oil is bergapten free, also made from the outer peel of the nearly ripe fruit but processed by vacuum distillation or solvent extraction. This oil is generally non-phototoxic. It is generally non-toxic, non-irritant and non-sensitising

Actions: Analgesic, anthelmintic, antidepressant, antiseptic (pulmonary, genito-urinary), antispasmodic, antitoxic, carminative, digestive, diuretic, deodorant, febrifuge, laxative, parasiticide, rubefacient, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, vermifuge and vulnerary.

The scent of Bergamot FCF is much lighter and less orangey than that of Bergamot. It blends well with Lemon, Neroli, Lavender, Geranium, Jasmine, Juniper, Cypress, Chamomiles, Coriander and Violet.
Grapefruit (Citrus x paradisi)
Grapefruit is the most phototoxic of the citrus oils, so please avoid sunbathing and sunbeds for 72 hours following its use. Otherwise, it is non-toxic, non-irritating and non-sensitising.

The oil only has a short shelf life (6 months).

Actions: Antiseptic, antitoxic, astringent, bactericidal, diuretic, depurative, stimulant (lymphatic, digestive) and tonic.

It has the lovely fresh scent of grapefruit, uplifting and sunny.

The essential oil is made by cold expression of the fresh peel. Grapefruit blends well with Lemon, Palmarosa, Bergamot, Neroli, Rosemary, Cypress, Lavender, Geranium, Cardomom and other spice oils.

Lemon (Citrus limon)
N.B. Do not use lemon if you have hypotension (low blood pressure), or are diabetic - Lemon lowers the blood pressure and blood sugar levels.

Actions: Anti-anaemic, anti-microbial, anti-rheumatic, antisclerotic, antiscorbutic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antitoxic, astringent, bactericidal, carminative, cicatrisant, depurative, digestive, diaphoretic, diuretic, febrifuge, haemostatic, hypotensive, hypoglaecemic, insecticidal, rubefacient, tonic, vermifuge.

It is phototoxic, though less so than bergamot or grapefruit. Again, please donít sunbathe or use a sunbed for 72 hours following the use of the oil.

This oil is made by cold expression of the outer peel of the fresh peel and has a wonderful lemon scent.

Lemon blends well with Bergamot, Neroli, Orange, Mandarin, Lavender, Ylang Ylang, Rose, Sandalwood, Chamomiles, Benzoin, Geranium, Eucalyptus Blue Gum and Juniper.

Lime (Citrus aurantifolia)
The cold expressed oil made from the peel is phototoxic, steam distilled oil made from the whole fruit is not.

Actions: Antirheumatic, antiscorbutic, antiseptic, antiviral, aperatif, bactericidal, febrifuge, restorative and tonic.

A beautiful oil, fresh and uplifting, use as an alternative to lemon oil.

Lime blends well with Orange Blossom, other citrus oils, Lavender, Rosemary and Clary Sage.

Mandarin (Citrus reticulata)
A lovely, light, playful oil, safe to use during pregnancy and for babies in the appropriate dose.

Non-toxic, non-irritant and non-sensitising. It is possibly phototoxic though this has not been demonstrated. Actions: Antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, digestive, diuretic (mild), laxative (mild), sedative, stimulant (digestive and lymphatic), tonic.

The essential oil is made by cold expression of the outer peel. Mandarin blends well with other citrus oils, particularly Neroli which helps to give it some weight.
Bitter Orange (Citrus aurantam var amara)
Bitter orange is non-toxic, non-irritant and non-sensitising. It is phototoxic, so no sunbathing or sunbeds for 72 hours after using the oil.

Actions: Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, bactericidal, carminative, choleretic, fungicidal, sedative (mild), stomachic and tonic.

Bitter orange oil is made by cold expression of the outer peel of the fruit. The scent is fresh with a hint of orange. It is an anti-inflammatory oil. Use Bitter Orange for dull and oily skins.
Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis)
Sweet orange oil is made by cold expression of the outer peel of the sweet orange and has a lovely orange scent.

It is non-toxic, non-irritant and generally non-sensitising, though the limonene can cause dermatitis in some people. If you buy distilled oil, it will be phototoxic so no sunbathing or sunbed use for 72 hours. The cold expressed oil isnít phototoxic, but still take care as it contains coumarins that sensitise the skin.

Actions: Anti-depressant, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, bactericidal, carminative, choleretic, digestive, fungicidal, hypotensive, sedative (nervous system) and stimulant (digestive and lymphatic systems).

Use for dull and oily skins.

Sweet Orange blends well with other citrus oils, Lavender, Clary Sage, Myrrh and spice oils.

Petitgrain (Citrus aurantium var amara)
It is non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising and non-phototoxic.

Actions: Antiseptic, antispasmodic, deodorant, digestive, nervine, stimulant (digestive, nervous), stomachic and tonic.

Petitgrain is made from the leaves and twigs of the Bitter Orange tree, it has a lovely fresh, citrus scent.

Petitgrain can be used for oily skin and hair and as a skin toner.

Petitgrain blends well with Lavender, Rosemary, Geranium, Bergamot, Bitter Orange, Neroli, Clary Sage, Jasmine, Benzoin, Palmarosa.